Politics across the world is understood and explored differently by people. The likes of Nelson Mandela in South Africa’s political history cannot be forgotten and their contributions cannot be underscored. In this article, we take a look at Nelson Mandela achievements.
As you may already know, Nelson Mandela, born Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a great political figure from South Africa. You may be asking when was Nelson Mandela born. Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in the village of Mvezo in South Africa.
Read more triggering news about Nelson Mandela Biography: Education And Apartheid Life.
Being born into a royal family, he had the best of education and went ahead to study law at the University of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand before working as a lawyer in Johannesburg.
What did Nelson Mandela fight for?
Colonial activities and colonization had cut deep into the existence of almost all African countries of which South Africa is not exempted. In the course to gain freedom and independence in order to be able to control own national stakes, Nelson Mandela fought for the best.
But the question lingering in your mind is what exactly did Nelson Mandela fight for? Nelson Mandela fought for the end of apatite.
Mandela at the time of being in Johannesburg became highly involved in anti-colonial and African nationalist politics, joining the ANC in 1943 and co-founding its Youth League in 1944.
After the National Party’s white-only government established apartheid, there was the need to fight these wrong deeds that are being introduced into the loving people of SA.
What is apartheid? In simple terms, apartheid is a system of racial segregation that privileged whites, over blacks and being a black himself, Mandela, and the ANC, a political group he co-founded committed themselves to its overthrow.
He was appointed president of the ANC’s Transvaal branch after he rose to prominence for his involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People. He was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the 1956 Treason Trial.
Under the total influence of Marxism, he secretly joined the banned South African Communist Party (SACP). Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant uMkhonto we Sizwe in 1961 and led a sabotage campaign against the government.
He was arrested and imprisoned in 1962, and, following the Rivonia Trial, was sentenced to life imprisonment for conspiring to overthrow the state. The peace lover spent 27 years of his life locked up in the prisons of Robben Island, Pollsmoor Prison, and Victor Verster Prison.
However, for the fear of clashes and civil unrest among the people of South Africa, President F. W. de Klerk released him in 1990 and that led to the beginning of his full political career.
Nelson Mandela Achievements
Together with de Klerk, his government majored efforts to negotiate an end to apartheid, which resulted in the 1994 multiracial general election in which Mandela led the ANC to victory and became president. Leading a broad coalition government that promulgated a new constitution.
Mandela while serving as president emphasized reconciliation between the country’s racial groups and created the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses.
In the administration of their planned economic agenda, his administration retained its predecessor’s liberal framework despite his own socialist beliefs, also introducing measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty and expand healthcare services. In the international atmosphere, Mandela acted as mediator in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial and served as secretary-general of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999